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Thursday, July 12, 2012

mtDNA Haplogroup U1a1

Today, I want show some data about mtDNA haplogroup U1a1 because U1a1 is relatively rare and there are already two individuals with U1a1 in this Kurdish DNA project. To clarify, the focus of this post is U1a1, not U1a.

The current scientific literature has 9 fully sequenced U1a1's, presented here
 2. AY289073(Koraga/India) Ingman-Gyll
3. AY882396(Adygei = Circassian) Achilli-Rengo
4. DQ112932.2(Africa) Kivisild
5. EF556161 Behar2008 (5 out 82 = 6.1% of Iranian Jews)
6. EF657399 mtDNA250(Europe) Herrnstadt
7. EU597497(Adygei = Circassian, Russia) Hartmann
9. GU218692(Greece) FTDNA
10. HM156682(India) Govindaraj
11. HQ615882(Italy) FTDNA 

I should note that one Indian sequence  [EU872049(India) Bhat] was removed from GenBank because the sequence could not be confirmed. So the number of fully sequenced U1a1 is actually 9 and not 10 as presented by Ian Logan on his website (#8 in Ian Logan's list).

I made a lineage tree of the fully sequenced U1a1 samples:

Other data sources:
The Armenian DNA project does not have any mtDNA U1a1.
The Arab DNA project does not have any mtDNA U1a1.
The Jewish DNA project does not have any mtDNA U1a1.
The Assyrian DNA project does not have any mtDNA U1a1.

The Finland DNA project has 2 individuals with U1a1:
142783     Britta Laurintytar Kruskopp, Kannus? Suomi
213047 Thors
The global mtDNA haplogroup U1 project has 3 individuals (the Finnish sample same as above):
1 x Barbados
1 x Finland (142783 Britta Laurintytar Kruskopp, Kannus? Suomi)
1 x unknown

At 23andme there are at least 8 individuals with mtDNA U1a1:
1 x Zaza (from Turkey)
1 x Sorani (from Iraq)
1 x Assyrian (from Hakkari/Turkey)
1 x Turk (with maternal Circassian ancestry from Malatya)
1 x from Bethlehem
3 x Americans (unknown ancestry; from US and Canada)


  1. I am an American with U1a1 in my mtdna, and the ancestry is very mixed. Eurpoe, scandanavia, central and eastern Europe. I am still trying to determine the roots and ethnicity of my paternal grandmother. In ancestry dna study there is a "7%" unknown element. Thats all I know so far. My paternal grandmother, my father and I are all very dark complected, dark hair in a very "typical" looking caucasian family. My paternal grandmother was adopted and born in 1884 in Nebraska, her parents came from Canada to the US.

  2. I too, am a U1a1. I was tested through family tree dna and never get any matches except my mother. My furthest back ancestor was from Galicia, Spain late 1700s. Very lonely out here being a U1a1…………………..
    :( Maria Krane

  3. My Dad is U1A1. His mother's family was from Poland.

  4. I am U1a1. Tested through 23andMe. I live in America but my mother was born in Gaeta, Italy. My grandmother is from Formia, Italy and goes back many generations in this location.

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  6. I am U1a1 with 40% british/Irish, 15% french/German, 6% Spanish, 0.1% North African and the rest is broadly north European. I was born in Northern France and I am Sephardic Jew by heritage. 23 and me did not find any close relatives (all distant cousin). You guys might try to check my 23andme profile.

  7. My mother's side is R1a. Her mother was born in Sicily. I read somewhere years ago that Italy could have up to 3 percent U1A Balkans 4 percent 5 percent in Anatolia to the Caucuses up to 6 percent but then decreases by the Kurds down to 3 percent and the Levant 1 to 2 percent to almost zero in the Arabian peninsula. Then I read a few were in Eastern Europe and Central Asian maybe from the Kurgan culture and the Scythians. This is a Caucasian group from Southern Europe to Anatolia I believe.

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  9. You will find some in Sweden too, though rare.
    Have a look at this adress

  10. I am U1A1 in Canada - grandparents came from Ukraine in an area known as Galicia. Father's side is Slovenian.

  11. I did a 23andMe test this year and my maternal haplogroup also came out as U1a1. I'm American. My great great great grandmother was born in Lillhärdal, Sweden in 1852, immigrated in 1883, and died in 1931 in McIntosh, Minnesota. Very interesting that this haplogroup is more Eastern European.

  12. I am U1a1 from the US. My maternal great grandmother was from Denmark but my 23andMe ancestry lists my Scandinavian at 7.1%. I'm still unclear on how this all works. Are all U1a1 related somehow? Since this haplogroup goes back so far (32000 yrs from what I've read) is there a low chance of finding more recent relatives?

  13. My mother-in-law is U1a1 from USA. Her mother and father, and her 4 grandparents are from Sicily, Italy.